The Fall of Man

Man disobeyed God and as a result fell from his original innocent state and became a sinner (Genesis 3; Romans 5v12+19; 1 Corinthians 15v21+22). The Fall of man took place sometime between the end of creation week and the conception of Cain, Adam and Eve’s first child. God created this world all very good – without sin (Genesis 1v31). However, as we are all descendants of Adam and Eve, we all inherit a sinful nature as a result of our first parents’ sin (Romans 5v12). This included Cain, so therefore the Fall of man was before Eve conceived Cain.

Take time to look up the Bible verses if you want to really benefit from this study.

The Temptation  

Genesis 3v1-5

God had commanded Adam not to eat the forbidden fruit i.e. the fruit of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, and He had warned him that the penalty for doing so would be death (Genesis 2v16-17). Adam understood this.

The temptation to sin came from without – from Satan through the serpent (Genesis 3v1-5); and not from within. Man did not, as yet, have a sinful nature.

Satan began by questioning God’s Word, “Yea, hath God said…” (Genesis 3v1). He wanted Eve to doubt God’s Word. He still wants people to doubt God’s Word.

Satan contradicted God’s Word (Genesis 3v4). God had said, “in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die” (Genesis 2v17) but Satan said, “Ye shall not surely die.” He suggested God is a liar. He still contradicts God’s Word today.

Then Satan mixed in a bit of the truth – “ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil” (Genesis 3v5). He inferred that God is not infinitely wise and loving in withholding this fruit from them. Satan still uses these tactics today. However, God loves us and He knows what is best for us, therefore we ought to obey Him.

The Transgression  

Genesis 3v6

Adam and Eve’s sin was disobedience. God their Creator had given them a command (Genesis 2v16+17) and they chose to disobey it. They were created without sin but with a will to choose. Their sin was not sexual relations for God had distinctly commanded them to populate the earth (Genesis 1v28).

Genesis 3v6 is often compared with 1 John 2v16. Eve saw that the fruit (1) was good for food – “the lust of the flesh”, (2) was pleasant to the eyes – “the lust of the eyes”, (3) would make one wise – “the pride of life”.

Eve was deceived and ate the fruit. She gave it to Adam and he partook of it willingly – he was not deceived (Genesis 3v6; 1 Timothy 2v14). Nonetheless, they both yielded to Satan’s temptation and disobeyed God.

The Bible does not state that the fruit was an apple. We do not know what the fruit looked like but this does not alter the fact that our first parents’ sin was disobedience to God and His Word.

God created Adam head of the human race and gave responsibility of leadership to him, so the Bible says that sin entered the world through Adam (Romans 5v12+19; 1 Corinthians 15v21+22; 1 Timothy 2v13+14).

Immediately Adam and Eve sinned, they died spiritually – they were separated from God. They no longer enjoyed the fellowship with God that they had had before they sinned. They were now sinners.

Their Guilt  

Genesis 3v 7-13

Adam and Eve immediately sensed the guilt of their sin. They were not ignorant savages with no moral responsibility to God their Creator. They were created in the image of God, and although that image had now been marred by their sin, their conscience still told them they had done wrong.

They realised they were naked (Genesis 3v7). We wear clothes today because Adam and Eve sinned.

They tried to cover their sin by making aprons out of fig leaves. Just as fig leaves were not sufficient covering for Adam and Eve, so our good works are not sufficient to cover our sin and save us (Isaiah 64v6; Ephesians 2v8-9; Titus 3v5).

They hid from God (Genesis 3v8). Never before had they hid from God. They had always enjoyed the fellowship with their Creator. Sin marred their appreciation of the Creator and their fellowship with Him.

They were afraid (Genesis 3v10). The guilt of their sin made them afraid of the Thrice-Holy God who hates all sin. Sin separates us from God.

God is All-knowing, so He knew what Adam and Eve had done and where they were but God wanted them to confess their sin to Him (Genesis 3v9-11).

Adam blamed Eve, and Eve blamed the serpent (Genesis 3v12+13). Doesn’t this sound familiar? We often blame others or our circumstances, instead of owning up and taking the responsibility for our own sin.

For further information on creation/evolution issues visit:

Answers in Genesis
Creation Ministries International