Bible Reading: Genesis chapter 2
“So God created man in His own image, in the image of God created He him; male and female created He them.” Genesis 1v27
What was the first man like? Was he ape-like? Did he walk upright? Where did he live? What did he eat? How intelligent was he? How did he communicate? What was life like for him? No doubt these are just some of the questions that spring to your mind.
Genesis 2 does not contradict the account of Day 6 (Genesis 1v26-28); rather it is a more detailed account of how God created man.
Genesis 2v1-3; Exodus 20v8-11
Before we proceed with the study on the creation of man, I want to briefly mention Day 7 of the creation week. Notice:
- God gave us our week. Almighty God could have created everything in 6 seconds if He had wanted, but He didn’t. He worked 6 days and rested one day, giving us our week.
- God set an example for man. This is why God deliberately took so long to create everything. We ought to work 6 days and then rest and worship God on the Sabbath. In the Old Testament the Israelites kept the 7th day as their Sabbath. In the New Testament Christians met together on the 1st day of the week (Acts 20v7; 1 Corinthians 16v2).
- All the days in the creation week were literal 24-hour periods; otherwise these verses make no sense.
Man as he was Originally Created
- God created him from the dust of the earth (Genesis 2v7). Man’s body contains the same elements found in the earth (hydrogen, carbon, etc.). The Bible stated this truth about the physical composition of the human body thousands of years before it was known to modern science.
- Adam was created from ‘the dust of the ground’, not from an ape. Some people who try to conform the Genesis account of man’s creation to evolutionary notions tell us that the ‘dust’ in Genesis 2v7 is symbolic of the animal kingdom. However, dust in Genesis 3v19 CANNOT mean the animal kingdom. “For dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return.” If the dust Adam was made from represents the ape from which he evolved, then Adam must have turned back into an ape because of his sin! Of course not, the Bible is clear that man is a special creation.
- God gave man life. His body was formed first and then God “breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.” (Genesis 2v7). Life has not evolved over millions of years to produce man. Also, the Bible makes it very clear that Adam was the first man (1 Corinthians 15v45).
- Only into man did God directly breathe the breath of life (Genesis 2v7). God breathed into him the principle of life and he became a living being. While animals’ bodies were formed from the earth (Genesis 2v19), the Bible does not record that God breathed into their nostrils the breath of life.
- He was created in the image of God (Genesis 1v26+27). This means that he had intellectual and moral faculties, that he had personality and knowledge, and that he had endless being. The image of God is distinctly referred to as “righteousness and true holiness” and “knowledge” (Ephesians 4v24; Colossians 3v10).
- He was created a tripartite being with body, soul, and spirit (cp. 1 Thessalonians 5v23).
- Man was created “a little lower than the angels” Hebrews 2v6-9. Christ took on this form in order to save us from our sin.
- He had a mind with which to think (Genesis 2v15+20), emotions with which to feel (Genesis 3v8), and a will with which to decide (Genesis 2v15-17). This will was originally a completely free will. He did not have a sinful nature that would influence that will – as it does with us.
- God created him for His glory (Isaiah 43v7; Colossians 1v16; Revelation 4v11) and to have communion with Him (Genesis 3v8+9).
- The first woman was created from man (Genesis 2v21+22; 1 Corinthians 11v8; 1 Timothy 2v13).
- God put man on probation in the Garden of Eden (Genesis 2v15-17). We do not know how long this period of probation lasted.
People are Distinct from Animals
Evolution tells us that man has evolved from lower forms of life. This makes man an evolved animal. While it is true that humans and animals do have some things in common, e.g. their skeletons have corresponding parts, some animals can show affection and be trained, and their physical bodies were made from earth (Genesis 2v19), yet the Bible clearly teaches that people are distinct from animals.
Man was created in God’s image.
(Genesis 1v26+27; 5v1; 9v6; 1 Corinthians 11v7; James 3v9). This makes man distinctly different from animals.
The image of God is referred to as “knowledge”, “righteousness and true holiness” (Colossians 3v10; Ephesians 4v24). Clearly this original righteousness in which man was created was lost by the Fall of man (Genesis chapter 3) and man is now “desperately wicked” (Jeremiah 17v9). But scripture continues to speak of the image of God in man after the Fall (Genesis 9v6; 1 Corinthians 11v7; James 3v9), indicating that the image of God takes in more than original righteousness.
The image of God in man is generally taken to include such things as spirituality, immortality, intellect and will, original righteousness, and lordship over the lower creation.
The image of God in man has been sadly marred by the Fall of man. Adam could not look at anything within himself or in the creation around him without seeing evidence of the true God (Psalm 19v1; Romans 1v20). However, “intelligent” men today use the facts of the very creation, which declares God’s glory, to seek to prove that there is no Creator God.
It is interesting that Genesis 9v6 views murder as an attack on the image of God. The image of God in man means people are far superior to animals, and is the basis for the sanctity of human life.
Man is both a physical and spiritual being
Genesis 2v7; Ecclesiastes 12v7. People can worship and serve God and are concerned about life after death. No evolutionist has been able to give any evidence that bridges this gulf between people and animals. Animals are not capable of communicating with God because they are not spiritual beings. People have souls that need to be saved (Matthew 10v28; 16v26;). Animals do not.
People have dominion over the animals
Genesis 1v26. This dominion or rule over the animal kingdom is seen when Adam named the cattle, birds, and beasts (Genesis 2v19+20), and is illustrated today by people’s ability to capture and tame many animals. At no time have animals ever made a museum of human history!
Our moral responsibility to God demonstrates human uniqueness
God gave Adam and Eve the responsibility of caring for the Garden of Eden (Genesis 2v15), and gave them instructions that they were to obey (Genesis 2v16+17). When they disobeyed they sensed their guilt (Genesis 3v7-10), and were punished (Genesis 3v16-19). No animal has this kind of moral obligation before God. Man’s ability to sin and thus displease God, and his ability to possess moral virtues makes him unique, for animals do not possess the ability to maintain or mar a relationship with God.
People can walk upright, talk, and write
When God created Adam He made him a mature man with a perfect language. He was not born as a baby needing to learn to speak. He had in his memory cells a perfect language with a perfect understanding of each word. He may also have had a perfect memory and been able to read and write. Thus it was no problem for Adam to name animals and understand God’s command (Genesis 2v16-20). Although all animals communicate, they do not talk and write as man does. Also, animals do not habitually walk upright as humans do.
Humans have the intellectual ability to create…
Humans have the intellectual ability to create, invent, think, plan, choose, decide, use symbols, and use tools. This is different from the built-in instincts of some animals. Adam was no ignorant savage, recently evolved from the animal kingdom. He was a magnificent mental and physical specimen.
The Garden of Eden
- Genesis 2v8-17 God made a beautiful garden home for the first man. God gave man everything that he needed for life.
- As man was originally a vegetarian, God provided an abundance of plants for him and the animals to eat (Genesis 1v29+30; 2v9). A warm, even, moist climate would have been ideal for the growth of lush vegetation. Trees and flowers would have grown in abundance, especially as at first there was no competition from weeds (which are the result of Adam’s sin cp. Genesis 3v18). Fruit and vegetables would have been readily available to provide food for man and the animals.
- The Bible tells us that it did not rain on the earth at this time (Genesis 2v5+6). A mist watered the earth. How long this continued we cannot be dogmatic but it certainly rained at the time of Noah’s flood (Genesis 7v11+12).
- The Garden of Eden was also watered by a river, which divided into 4 heads named Pison, Gihon, Hiddekel, and Euphrates (Genesis 2v10-14). We do not find such a river present in the Middle East today, so the exact location of Eden is unknown. However this does not mean that the Biblical account is unreliable. We must remember that the worldwide flood in Noah’s time drastically changed the earth (Genesis 6-9). Very simply, a post-flood river was named after a familiar pre-flood river – hence the name Euphrates continued as a name of a river.
- The area was rich in gold, bdellium, and onyx stone (Genesis 2v11+12). No doubt Adam and Eve were created with the ability to appreciate the beauty and value of these.
- The animals lived in harmony with each other and man. This is consistent with the Bible teaching that all creation was “very good” (Genesis 1v31), and that death is the result of Adam’s sin (Genesis 3; Romans 5v12). There was no reason for animals to fear being killed by man or other animals. Only after Noah’s flood is it recorded that animals were to be afraid of man (Genesis 9v2). Just because some animals like tyrannosaurus rex were created with big sharp teeth, it does not mean that they were not originally herbivores. The giant panda has sharp teeth like a meat eater, but it eats bamboo.
- God planted 2 special trees in the Garden of Eden – the tree of life and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil (Genesis 2v9).
- Adam was the first farmer (Genesis 2v15). Adam was created with the knowledge and ability to dress and keep the garden, as well as care for the animals. Eve helped him.
- Adam and Eve had communion with God in the Garden of Eden (cp. Genesis 3v8). Man was created with a mind to know God, emotions to love God, and a will to obey God.
- As you read the description of this garden – the vegetation, the rivers, the gold, and the animals living in harmony with man, without death, violence, disease, sickness, thorns, or fear – no wonder it is sometimes referred to as Paradise. God gave Adam and Eve five amazing senses (sight, hearing, smell, touch, taste) so they could enjoy all the wonderful things the Creator made.
God’s Simple Command Genesis 2v16+17
“And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat: but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.”Genesis 2v16+17 KJV
The penalty for sin is death. God warned Adam that if he ate of the ‘tree of knowledge of good and evil’, he would ‘surely die.’ The Hebrew actually means ‘dying, you will die.’ In other words, it would be the commencement of a process of physical death. It also clearly involved spiritual death (separation from God) Romans 5v12; 6v23.
God placed man on probation. Man was created without sin but with a will to choose. Considering the fact that God had given man all the food he needed (fruit, vegetables, herbs, nuts, etc), one would think that this would have been an easy command for him to obey.
Adam names the Creatures
Genesis 2v19+20 tells us that Adam named the cattle, birds, and beasts of the field. It does not record that he named the fish.
It was not difficult for Adam to quickly give names to all these living creatures and remember them all, for Adam was no doubt more intelligent than any man that has ever lived. God made Adam a fully-grown adult who immediately was able to think, speak clearly, and probably read and write. He was prince of the planet Earth.
God had made a matching couple of each animal kind – male and female. There were no single creatures. When Adam named them he must have seen that some animals seemed more like him than others. But there was no animal kind truly like Adam – a human being – to be a perfect companion.
“And the Lord God said, It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him an help meet for him.”
Then, God made a helper for man – a woman Eve.
The Creation of Eve
Eve was made from one of Adam’s ribs. Genesis 2v21-23. Of course men do not have one less rib than women, just as children of a man who has lost an arm are not born with one less arm.
Eve descended from Adam (1 Corinthians 11v8), in the sense that she was made from his flesh and bone and thus had a biological connection to him (Genesis 2v23). She was made by God from Adam’s side, and therefore had the same DNA as Adam – uniquely humankind.
Eve was created to be a helper and a companion for Adam, and not merely for childbearing. Genesis 2v18. It has been said that she was taken from near his heart for she was to be loved. She was not taken from his head to rule him, or from his feet to be trampled upon.
Adam called her “Woman, because she was taken out of man” (Genesis2v23). “And Adam called his wife’s name Eve; because she was the mother of all living.” (Genesis 3v20)
God Established Marriage
- Christ quoted Genesis 1v27; 2v24 when teaching concerning marriage (Matthew 19v4-6). This shows us that Christ believed the Genesis account of the creation rather than evolution.
- God intended for one man and one woman to be joined in marriage only to each other for the rest of their lives. Notice God did not create a man to be Adam’s partner; nor did He create many wives for Adam. He created one woman Eve to be Adam’s wife. God ordained marriage to be a loving, faithful relationship between one man and one woman. God did not intend marriage to be marred by adultery or polygamy. There is no basis in marriage for homosexuality.
- The oneness in marriage is based upon the historical fact that Eve was created out of Adam’s side. Genesis 2v24
- God ordained that a man should leave his parents and cleave to his wife in order to produce and raise children in a loving, stable, and godly environment. Genesis 1v28; 2v24; Ephesians 5v22 – 6v4. Marriage is a picture of Christ’s love for His church.
- Adam and Eve were to populate the earth. Genesis 1v28. All people have descended from our first parents Adam and Eve. The Bible teaches that God has “made of one blood all nations of men.” (Acts 17v26)
- Having created Adam and Eve, God gave them dominion over the earth to rule it as His stewards. Genesis 1v28; 2v15. God intended Adam to be the prince of planet Earth, ruling it as a good steward with his bride Eve.
- Genesis 2v25 – the fact that Adam and Eve were naked and unashamed was a sign of their integrity. They lived and moved without guilt, shame, or fear of exploitation and threat. The shame of nakedness and the wearing of clothes came as a result of their sin (Genesis 3v7-11, +21).
The Creator’s Love
The Loving Creator made man in His image to have communion with Him, gave him a beautiful wife with which to have the perfect marriage relationship, and gave them the perfect home in Eden with everything they needed for a perfectly happy life.
Our minds are so accustomed to sin, death, disease, and broken relationships that it is difficult for us to fully comprehend what it was like for Adam and Eve to live in the perfect world God made. However, the Creator still loves us and wants us to have everlasting life through faith in Jesus Christ.
“For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in Him should not perish, but have everlasting life.”John 3v16 KJV
Adam the Head of the Human Race
Adam was the first man and Eve his wife was the first woman. God did not create other people nor did other people evolve (Genesis 2v18-23; 1 Corinthians 15v45). All nations have descended from them (Acts 17v26). Adam was head of the human race. The fact that Adam was created first, and then Eve, shows his headship (1Corinthians 11v3, 8, +9; 1Timothy 2v12+13). God gave responsibility of leadership to Adam, so the Bible says sin entered the world through Adam (Romans 5v12; 1 Corinthians 15v22).
The first Adam is contrasted to the Last Adam who is the Lord Jesus Christ. The first Adam is of the earth, and by him came sin and death. The Last Adam is from heaven, and by Him is righteousness and eternal life (John 3v16+36; Romans 5v12+19; 1 Corinthians 15v22, 45-47).
What About Ape-men?
Many people believe that the evolution of man has been clearly mapped out and consider ‘fossil men’ to be the links between apes and men. When considering the so-called ‘fossil men’ one needs to remember:
- Ape-like reconstructions drawn by artists may be wrong.
- ‘Fossil men’ are either men or apes; there are no intermediate links.
- Variations in human structure exist today as well as in fossil men.
- Fossils of men and apes are often found together. This agrees better with Biblical creationism than with evolution.
- God did not create man in the image of animals; rather He created him in His own image.
Creation Ministries International have a simple helpful page that answers the following question:
BUT EVOLUTION says that…
Similarities mean Common Ancestry
Evolutionists argue that as man is similar in many respects to animals, especially the apes, we are therefore related to them and must have a common ancestor with them. There are similarities in the bone structure of living things; the differences are in size, shape, and function. For instance, the arm of a man, the foreleg of a horse, the wing of a bat, and the flipper of a whale are similar in design though suited for differing purposes. The similarity of human/chimp DNA is often asserted as proof for evolution. However, far from supporting evolution, similarity shows a common Creator-Designer.
- God in His wisdom knew what kind of structure works best and He varied the design to accommodate different functional needs.
- If humans were entirely different to all other living things, or indeed every living thing was entirely different, would this reveal the Creator to us? No! We could think that there must be many creators rather than one. The unity of creation is testimony to the One True God who made it all (Isaiah 45v5, 12, +18; Acts 4v24; 7v50; Romans 1v20). “Hath not one God created us?” Malachi 2v10.
- As already discussed, man is made in God’s image and people are distinct from animals.
- If animals and humans did not share similar biochemistry, there would have to be separate plant kingdoms for animals and humans to eat.
- Of all animals, chimps are most like humans so we would expect their DNA to be most like humans. This does not mean that they evolved from a common ancestor. There is still a vast difference between humans and chimps, and there is no way mutations could bridge that gap. Chimps are just animals. We are made in the image of God. No chimps will be reading this, or discussing it with one another!
Similarities between Embryos means Animals are related
Many people have heard that the human embryo goes through evolutionary stages during its early development in the womb. The “yolk sac” refers back to our reptilian stage; the “gill slits” refer back to our fish stage; and the “tail” refers back to our “monkey” stage. This concept was popularised in the late 1860s by the German evolutionist Ernst Haeckel who drew drawings of the human embryo at various stages. Haeckel’s drawings were fraudulent and were produced to promote public acceptance of evolution. They should no longer be used as proof of the claim that embryo similarities support evolution. Similarity in appearance is no proof of relationship.
- The “yolk sac” in a human embryo is actually the source for the first blood cells used by the body. It does not provide nutrition, as does the yolk sac in birds’ eggs, for example. The umbilical cord is connected to the mother as the source of nourishment.
- The “gill slits” do not represent true gills at all. These never have a breathing function like gills found in fish. Rather, they are pouches that develop into the thymus gland, parathyroid glands, and middle ear canals – none of which has anything to do with breathing!
- The “tail” is just the end of the spine of the human being. It becomes the “tailbone” or “posture bone,” where muscles essential for human posture are connected.
- Patterns of embryo development point to creation, not evolution. It should be expected that some similarities are present in embryos for they are all developing from fertilised eggs into fully-grown organisms with backbones, brains, lungs, etc. They have a common Creator-Designer.
- Despite any vague similarities, the embryos do differ one from another. After all, the Creator designed the creatures to reproduce “after their kind.”
Vestigial Organs show that Evolution has been at work
A “vestigial organ” is supposed to be a “useless leftover” of our evolutionary ancestors. Evolutionists often argue that such things as flightless birds’ small wings, legless lizards, and the human appendix are useless and have no function. They claim that these features are ‘leftovers of evolution’ and evidence for evolution. However:
- Many organs, assumed useless, are now known to be useful. For instance, the tonsils were once believed to be vestigial but are now known to fight infection. It is now known that the human appendix contains lymphatic tissue and helps control bacteria entering the intestines.
- It is impossible to prove that an organ is useless, for there is always the possibility that a use may be discovered in the future. This has happened with many previously alleged vestigial organs that are now known to be useful.
- Even if an alleged vestigial organ were no longer needed, it would prove ‘devolution’ not evolution. From the Bible we would expect to see deterioration of the originally perfect creation because of the corruption of the whole creation caused by the people God created rejecting their Creator i.e. they sinned (Genesis 3; Romans 8v20-22). An originally created function may have been lost as a result of this Curse placed upon all creation. Genesis 3v14 suggests that snakes may once have had legs! However, particles-to-people evolution needs to find examples of organs that are increasing in complexity.
- The wings of flightless birds, such as the ostriches and the emus, have a function. If the wings are useless, why are the muscles functional, allowing these birds to move their wings? Possible functions, depending on the species of flightless bird, include: balance while running, cooling in hot weather, warmth in cold weather, protection of the rib-cage in falls, mating rituals, sheltering of chicks, etc.
Mutations prove Evolution
Mutations – random changes in the genetic information – are supposed to generate new information so that new features such as legs, feathers, brains, eyes, and so on could evolve. However:
- Mutations are usually harmful. Some result in death. Not surprisingly, several thousand human diseases are now linked to mutations e.g. sickle-cell anaemia, cystic fibrosis.
- Mutations are going the wrong way for evolution. Evolution from protozoa-to-man requires a gain in information for new structures and new functions. Mutations are copying mistakes which lose/corrupt information. Mutations will never produce the new complex information needed for evolution to proceed, so that one kind can develop into another kind.
- Mutations are better interpreted within a Biblical framework. When God created Adam and Eve they were perfect – no mistakes (“very good” Genesis 1v31). But when sin entered the world, the perfect creation began to degenerate, suffering the Curse of death and decay (Romans 8v22). Over thousands of years, this degeneration has resulted in all sorts of genetic mistakes in living things.
- These small changes are erroneously used as ‘proofs of evolution’, yet they cannot explain amoeba-to-man evolution. This is like arguing that if an unprofitable business loses only a little money each year, given enough years it will make a profit.
Designed by God
Job 10v8, 9, +11; Psalm 139v13-16
The beginning of a child is truly amazing. The design and complexity of the human body is a testimony to the Almighty, All-wise Creator.
Psalm 139 describes God’s plan for the development of each individual. God thought of you before you were born or even thought of by your parents (Psalm 139v15+16; cp. Jeremiah 1v5). God knew all the parts of the unformed body and He skilfully put them together (Psalm 139v13-16; cp. Job 10v8+11). He made you.
The blueprint found in the child’s DNA is more complicated than the most sophisticated computer programme but all the information it needs to develop into a fully-grown individual is there. From the moment of conception the child is truly human – and nothing else. The baby will never develop into a monkey, and monkey cells will never develop into human ones.
A human embryo is always human from the moment of conception. It does not become human sometime after 8 weeks. The Bible teaches that the unborn baby is a tiny human child, so abortion takes an innocent human life (cp. Genesis 25v21+22; Exodus 21v22+23; Psalm 139v13-16; Jeremiah 1v5
The human body is so perfectly designed and incredibly complex that there is just no way it could have evolved. The immense complexity of the human brain, its creativity and power of reasoning, with capacities vastly beyond that required for sheer survival, is perhaps the most ‘obvious’ evidence for intelligent creation. Man is still discovering God’s creation and how it works. Consider also the eye, the body’s defence mechanisms, DNA, etc. Even one cell is highly complex. It does not matter how many billions of years are included in the evolutionary time span, it is impossible for such vast amounts of complex information to evolve. We must conclude that we are “fearfully and wonderfully made.”
Psalm 139v14 KJV
“I will praise thee; for I am fearfully and wonderfully made.”
God your Creator loves you. He knows you were ‘born in sin’ as a result of our first parents’ sin (Psalm 51v5; Romans 5v12). He wants to save you from your sins and make you a new creature in Christ Jesus (Matthew 1v21; 2 Corinthians 5v17). Our Creator wants to be our Saviour.
What About Us?
- We are Fearfully and Wonderfully Made. For this we ought to praise God. Psalm 139v13-16.
- We are sinful creatures of the dust, our bodies will return to the earth, and therefore we have nothing to be proud of, in and of ourselves. Genesis 3v19; Psalm 146v4; 1 Corinthians 1v31; 4v7.
- God gave us life; our life and breath is in God’s hand. Job 12v9+10; 33v4.
- We are created for God’s glory. We ought to worship and bow down before our Maker. Psalm 95v6; Isaiah 43v7.
- God made us, so He owns us, and therefore has the right to tell us what to do. We are to love God with all our being. Psalm 100v3+4; Mark 12v30+31.
- We each have a soul that is worth more than all the wealth, honour, and pleasures of this world. It will live forever in either heaven or hell depending on what we have done with our Creator. Mark 8v36+37; John 3v14-18.
The Bible says, “Remember now thy Creator in the days of thy youth.”Ecclesiastes 12v1 KJV
It is humbling to recognise that in God’s vast and varied Creation He has made man in His own image. With the Psalmist we can ask, “What is man that Thou art mindful of him? And the son of man, that Thou visitest him?” (Psalm 8v4) Let us worship God for His amazing creative power and for His giving us the capacity to know and worship Him. The image of God in man means he is distinct from animals; it makes him responsible to his Maker, and is thus foundational to the gospel of Christ.
“Woe unto him that striveth with his Maker!”Isaiah 45v9 KJV
Modern man tends to forget his Creator – some will openly defy Him and others will idolise the superstars instead. Many choose evolutionary notions above the true record of history found in God’s Word. May it never be said of us that we “changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshipped and served the creature more than the Creator, Who is blessed for ever” (Romans 1v25). Our Creator wants first place in our lives (Exodus 20v3). Is He Lord of your life?
In the beginning everybody was a creationist!
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